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A privately owned ruf will be equivalent to an ordinary car, as soon as mass production is used to produce them. Electric motors are far simpler and more reliable than gasoline engines, but electric cars will not be mass produced because the users don't get enough benefit out of it. The range is limited and the large battery is a problem.

A ruf needs only small batteries because it can recharge via the rail (or use fuel cells). The most important factor is, that a ruf owner get a huge benefit from the start. The fast rail trip without congestion problems and with low pollution are some very attractive features. For that reason it will be mass produced and the price will become reasonable.

The system will most likely be implemented as Public Transport based upon the maxi-ruf electric bus/train/tram. Any city needs public transport and this way it can be done cheaper and more attractive than traditional transit.

It is also possible in a transition period to introduce "pallets". Special units which are able to carry ordinary cars. This is not a long term solution because capacity and energy consumption is poor compared to a "true Dual Mode" vehicle as a ruf.

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